Montessori Method of Education
The Montessori method of education is a unique approach to learning. The classroom environment is carefully designed to stimulate the child’s interest and facilitate their exploration of materials through which the child discovers fundamental concepts of literacy, numeracy, and the sciences in a concrete way. Children choose their own “work”, are guided by the adults as needed, and are given uninterrupted work periods to promote concentration and engagement.
Purpose of the Montessori Method
The main purpose of the Montessori method is to provide an environment where the child can unfold spontaneously and manifest the greater person within. The Montessori teacher – called the Guide – studies the developing life and how to best aid in the child’s development. It is a preparation for a lifetime of learning.
Montessori Primary School Is Different from Other Preschools
In most preschools, a teacher teaches the children educational concepts in a group with times set aside for specific events. In a Montessori Primary School the children learn concepts spontaneously as they work independently with the many materials in the environment.
The Elementary Classroom
The Elementary Program follows the Montessori standard of having a combined 6-12 year-old classroom. This configuration allows the students to move forward in the curriculum regardless of their age or school year. Additionally, it helps to smooth out the social dynamics that begin to arise in the elementary years and takes advantage of the strong nurturing/leadership tendencies of the older children.
The Montessori Classroom
The Montessori classroom is a child-sized world. By careful selection of the material, the Guide sets up an environment that allows the child to explore on a level they can understand. The materials or exercises are designed to stimulate independent exploration. This prepared environment entices the child to proceed at their own pace from simple activities to more complex ones. Through this process, the child’s natural curiosity is satisfied and they begin to experience the joy of discovering the world about them. Materials and curricula center around the subjects of practical life, sensorial, language, math, geography, history, geometry, biology, art and music.
The Montessori Teacher
The Montessori teacher is called a Guide because they guide the classroom activity. They carefully plan the environment in the interest of the children, helping them progress from one activity to the next. The Guide is trained to deal with each child individually, allowing them to choose from many activities within their range of ability. Then, the Guide stands back while a child is working, allowing them the satisfaction of their own discovery.
With all the freedom, isn’t there confusion?
The concept of freedom within the classroom is one of freedom within limits. Ground rules are established early in the year. A child is allowed to work freely so long as they do not disturb others. Actually, the children, having the freedom to follow their interest, are generally happy and busily involved with their work.
Socialization and Group Work
Socialization in the Montessori classroom comes from the willingness of the child. In the classroom you will notice the children interacting continuously, choosing to work on projects together and older children helping younger ones. Each day there is a large group activity, small group lessons and outside play.
Montessori Children Adjust to Traditional Schools
Children who have been in a Montessori environment are generally very flexible and adjust quite easily to a traditional school situation. They are generally better students and spend their time in more productive ways because of their self-direction and positive attitude towards learning.